Wednesday, December 21, 2011

THE ABC's of SMELLY AREA RUGS


I really do like area rugs.  I like how it feels to walk on them with my bare feet when I wake up in the morning (much nicer than walking on a cold floor!) and I like how they can immediately decorate and make an impact on a room.
Our new lovely (but smelly) rug

Recently my husband and I  were lucky enough to receive a brand new bedroom set that was given to us on the Nate Berkus Show by Gilt Home  (to have a little laugh and see the rug, you can check out the link and see how excited we were).  The furniture arrived last Friday and it is gorgeous.   We are super happy and recognize how fortunate we were to have received an entirely new bedroom set, designed by a professional designer, no less! 

When the delivery people left, however. we realized that a very strong order lingered in our bedroom.  REALLY. STRONG. ODOR.  As I have said a couple of times in this blog, I usually follow my nose when it comes to chemicals... if it smells strong, it usually involves a chemical.  This time I new exactly where it was coming from :  our new area rug.  

It is a gorgeous area rug and very high quality, dont get me wrong, but upon further investigation I learned that it was a 100% wool “hand tufted rug”.  After further research I learned that what was smelling was a cocktail of chemicals used to glue the wool to the base of the rug.  EEEWW

WHY IT IS IMPORTANT FOR YOUR FAMILY

This is important for your family, because chances are you are like most parents I know who choose to buy a new area rug for their baby’s nursery and, as the children grow, an area rug continues to form part of the kids bedroom decor, playroom and living room.  Unfortunately for us parents, most mainstream rugs from stores like Pottary Barn Kids, Ikea, Room and Board etc come with the same chemicals and smells. According to the EPA “over 90 percent of commercial carpet is tufted”.  Other than a nasty odor, the leaching of chemicals can and have led to children developing asthma and allergies and flu - like symptoms  (it gave me a horrible headache).

Also important to understand is that many of these rugs are made in foreign countries with absolutely no regulation on chemicals (mine was made in India) so the makeup of the glue could be worse than suspected.


HOW SERIOUS IS IT?
Styrene-butadiene latex is the most common bonding material used in carpet backing systems. According to the EPA short term exposure can “  potentially cause the following health effects from acute exposures ....nervous system effects such as depression, loss of concentration, weakness,
fatigue and nausea. .. Styrene has the potential to cause the following health effects from long-term exposures : liver and nerve tissue damage. ...Cancer: There is some evidence that styrene may have the potential to cause cancer from a lifetime exposure at levels above the MCL."

Once again, I worry more about the long term cummulative effects than the more obvious short term effects. The headache and irritation that the off-gassing of the latex bothered me, but I was freaking out about  sleeping in a room (or even worse allowing my munchkin to sleep in a room)  for 8 - 12 hours a night inhaling these chemicals.   Especially when no long term studies have been done on humans.


WHAT CAN YOU DO?
Relax, you don’t have to give up area rugs or carpets!  Here are easy tips on how to avoid these chemicals and /or what to do if you already have a smelly carpet at home.

 DO YOUR RESEARCH BEFORE PURCHASE
 1. Avoid hand tufted. A hand tufted rug it is a rug created by pushing wool or acrylic yarn through a primary backing , creating a ‘tufts’ .  The ‘tufts’ are then glued and held in place using a latex glue.  So a good start is not to buy a hand tufted rug... go for the (usually more expensive) hand knotted rug or a rug that specifies that it is non-toxic.
2. Also avoid moth proofing (usually sprayed on wool carpets).  More chemicals.
3. When you do purchase a new rug look for the CRI (Carpet and Rug Institute) Green Label Plus logo, which indicates a very low-emitting carpet (in the United States).
4.  If you bring a rug home and it smells... return it.


5.  If you need to purcase a synthetic carpet, the least toxic carpets on the market can be found on this website:  The Carpet and Rug Institute Green Label Carpets. These are "low-emitting" carpets, most made from synthetic fibers.
BUT... I ALREADY HAVE A SMELLY RUG AT HOME
1.  CONTACT THE MANUFACTURER.  Some manufacturers, like Pottery Barn Kids, have been known to offer you a refund if you call and complain about a smell and stick firmly to your rights (they now use a non smelling adhesive in their newer carpets so newer purchases might not have this problem), other companies might not be so lenient.  
2.  TRY CLEANING/VENTILATING: Do not try to clean the carpet with more harsh chemicals. Try steam cleaning your carpets with plain water and opening windows or turning  fans on the ventilate you room.  The longer you can let your carpet off gas (ventilate) the better!  Vacuum frequently with a HEPA filtered vacuum.


What am I going to do?  Even though it PAINS me to get rid of it (it is beautiful and makes such an important design impact on our room) I don’t want it in our house emitting toxic chemicals that give me a headache one more day.   We have been sleeping in the living room for almost a week because of the smell! Come tomorrow we are putting it in our balcony for a couple of days. Since we will be traveling for almost a month I will probably wait to see if the smell is completely gone upon my return and if not I will contact the manufacturer to see what they can offer me and if not I might have to throw it out  or try to recycle it :-(  (Carpet America Recovery Effort (CARE)) listing of carpet recycling programs) I cant even bring myself to sell this rug in good consciousness!


5 comments:

  1. WOW! Thanks for this article about area rugs . This helps a lot! I really needed to read this information! :)

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    1. Thank you for your comment! Feel free to send me a message if you have any other questions!

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  2. This is a very helpful article. Thanks for pointing out that "handtufted" rugs need to have adhesives to hold the tufts in place--many people are not aware of this.

    I'd like to mention my company as a source for non-smelly rugs: Garuda Woven Art.

    Our rugs are handwoven in Nepal. We use natural dyes exclusively (with alum as a mordant). The pile is pure Tibetan wool; the foundation is unbleached cotton. We wash the rugs with either soapnut or a mild soap. We do not use any chemical treatments: no mothproofing, no stainproofing, no flame retardants, no glues. As a result, our rugs don't stink!

    The colors are beautiful and the rugs are extremely durable--they should last generations.

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  3. Nice Modern Area Rugs recent I purchased a Moroccan Beni Ouarain Grey rug for my living room. it was a great deal

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  4. What happened, did you keep it or chuck it because the smell lingered? thanks

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